Briefing Book


The Health Care Workforce

This briefing focused on the health care workforce. It provided an overview of the types and numbers of health care professionals, reviewed requirements for licensure and certification, and highlighted geographic disparities in the distribution of physicians and other clinicians. Medicare's financing of direct and indirect graduate medical education for physicians was described; the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission's recommendations to change how GME is financed were also discussed. The session also provided an overview of programs operated by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, principally through the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), the Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Department of Defense that support the education and training of various health care professionals. The session concluded with a discussion of health care delivery system changes, concomitant changes in the roles of those working in health care, and the implications of those changes for health care workforce education and training programs.


Erin P. Fraher, PhD, MPP (bio)
Director, Health Workforce Research and Policy, Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Slides: "A Primer on the Health Workforce in the United States"

Mark Miller, PhD (bio)
Executive Director, Medicare Payment Advisory Commission

Slides: "Graduate Medical Education Payments"

Kathleen M. King, MA (bio)
Director, Health Care, U.S. Government Accountability Office

Slides: "Federal Health Care Workforce Education and Training Programs"

Dr. Fraher's second presentation

Slides: "The Workforce Needed to Staff Value-Based Models of Care"

Briefing Materials

Additional Resources

The Current and Future Workforce

Graduate Medical Education (GME)

Other Federal Investments

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